Qu&Co comments on this publication:
Understanding and modeling the behavior of large numbers of interacting fermions is key to understanding the macroscopic properties of matter. However, the memory required to represent such a many-body state scales exponentially with the number of fermions, which makes simulation of many interesting cases intractable on classical computers. Algorithms leveraging the advantages of quantum computers for quantum simulations have steadily been developed in the past two decades. Variational quantum eigensolvers (VQE) have recently appeared as a promising class of quantum algorithms designed to prepare states for such quantum simulations. Low-depth circuits for such state preparation and quantum simulation are needed for practical quantum chemistry applications on near-term quantum devices with limited coherence. In this paper, Dallaire-Demers et al. present a new type of low-depth VQE ansatz, which should be in reach of near-term quantum devices and which can accurately prepare the ground state of correlated fermionic systems.